Hemorrhoids are usually swollen vascular structures and swollen glands that usually show up in the anus canal and around the rectum. These inflammations are usually caused by tension on the anus canal due to damage caused during pregnancy, untreated constipation or obesity. They usually exhibit themselves both inside the anal canal or on the opening of the anus to create what is called 'internal hemorrhoids' and 'external hemorrhoids' respectively, it is possible to have both internal and external hemorrhoids at the same time. Although, the symptoms of the patient suffering form hemorrhoids usually depends on the type, the most common symptoms include bleeding, painful throbbing around the rectum as well as itching. It is not a life threatening condition but it can be very painful and uncomfortable for the victim. Hemorrhoids are found similarly among men and women, and they are most prevalent between the ages of 45 and 65 years.There are many possible treatments available to victims that will reduce hemorrhoids, these include;
1. Good diet
A good diet is regarded as the best treatment option for patients, this is because constipation and forcing to have bowel movements facilitate hemorrhoids. It is therefore advisable that patients suffering from hemorrhoids to have a diet rich in fiber so as the stool can soften and facilitate bowel movements. Foods rich in Fiber include fruits, cereals, vegetables and grains. it is recommended to consume about 20-30 grams per day of fiber everyday. Drinking of liquids is also recommended to serve the same purpose as the fibers to soften the stool. Anti-motility drugs should be used to reduce diarrhea because diarrhea exacerbates hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoid treatments are only effective if lifestlye changes are made in terms of diet and exercise. Good Diet is also an excellent way to avoid and heal constipation, its great as a general health principal.
2. over the counter medications for Hemorrhoids
These medications are designed to mange hemorrhoid symptoms, they contain protectant as their active ingredient. These medications of hemorrhoids are effective and are usually topical treatments offered as creams, ointments, gels and pads, they are applied as a thin covering around the anus. for internal hemorrhoids they are applied inside the anal canal using a finger or what is referred to as 'pile pipe'. Pile pipes must be lubricated before insertion the best pile pipes usually have holes.
Huge, problematic hemorrhoids may require surgical removal to reduce risks. This surgical procedure is referred as to Hemorrhoidectomy, it is basically the removal of excessive tissue causing the bleeding around the rectum. it is one of the most helpful ways of combating recurring hemorrhoids, although the surgery exposes the patient to risks of urinary tract infections.
A doctor can inject the hemorrhoids with a special solution containing chemical irritants that shrink the hemorrhoids by causing a scar over it.
5. Infrared Photocoagulation
Infrared coagulation uses infrared radiation created by a small light shown on the hemorrhoids. This light energy is changed to heat which makes the hemorrhoidal tissue to become swollen, and scar thus removing the unnecessary tissue. The procedure is usually painless and with few complications, it may take many short sessions for the relief of symptoms.